The resource which can be regenerated and is available in abundance in nature is called renewable resource, such as solar energy, tidal energy, wind energy, geothermal power and hydroelectricity. The resource which cannot be regenerated is called a non renewable resources they include-Fossil fuels coal, petroleum and gas.
We need to use these resources very carefully. In fact we should find ways to use these resources responsibly and ensure tranquil life to our successors as did our predecessors. The best way to start protecting our environment is to conserve forests and wild life.
Increasing population and Deforestation are the main areas of concern. Destruction of wildlife habitat has resulted in to extinction of so many diverse species, this loss cannot be compensated. Still there are so many exotic endangered endemic species which needs to be conserved. The areas where these species are found are declared as biodiversity hotspots.
Forests are the main source of energy resources. Conservation of forests requires sociopolitical efforts to move on till the purpose is accomplishes. Forests also affect the water cycle which is the indispensable foundation of human life. I have presented water cycle through following diagram.
The water cycle is driven by solar energy. The sun heats water in the oceans. Water evaporates as vapor into the air. The vapour goes up and condenses to form clouds. The ground water and runoff water is stored in lakes. This water cycle is affected by pollution and human influence and it is essential to harvest rainwater. Water management will definitely help us to increase the amount of usable water.
Not only the water cycle but carbon cycle, oxygen cycle, and nitrogen cycle are getting affected by different types of pollution, such as water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution, release of radioactive particles, and radioactive isotopes pollution. Economic advancement has led us to devastation of nature.
Industrial revolution, Agricultural revolution, technology progress, advances in medical sciences, new methods of transport, urbanization, explosion of population and so on are becoming the means of desolation. They are adding to the threat of Global warming and Ozone layer depletion.
Now it’s high time, we should awaken and must contribute to protect our environment which is nature’s incredible endowment. Let us respect its supremacy, miraculous biodiversity, preserve plants, animals and ecosystems, and ensure harmonious survival.
- Anuja Khaire (India)